Please go through Basic of Statistics and Statistical Data MCQ with Answers for Environment Economics provided below. Students should have strong knowledge about the Basic of Statistics and Statistical Data as in various competition exams, MCQ questions are asked from this topic. We have provided below the biggest collection of Basic of Statistics and Statistical Data MCQ with Answers. These Business Statistics MCQ and objective questions will improve your performance in exams and help you to get good scores.

## Multiple Choice Questions for Basic of Statistics and Statistical Data with Answers

**Question. In statistics, ____________________classification groups the data according to locational differences among the items.**

(a) Chronological

(b) Geographical

(c) Regional

(d) Alphabetical

## Answer

B

**Question. The degree of randomness of selection would depend upon the process of selecting the items from the ________________________.**

(a) Population

(b) Region

(c) Sample

(d) Data

## Answer

C

**Question. If the sample is truly representative of the population, then the characteristics of the sample can be considered to be the same as those of the _______________ population.**

(a) Fixed

(b) Selected

(c) Random

(d) Entire

## Answer

D

**Question. Statistical inference deals with methods of inferring or drawing ___________________ about the characteristics of the population based upon the results of the sample taken from the same population.**

(a) Details

(b) Decisions

(c) Conclusions

(d) Samples

## Answer

C

**Question. A population, in statistical terms, is the totality of things under consideration. It is the collection of all values of the _________________ that is under study.**

(a) Instance

(b) Variable

(c) Amount

(d) Measure

## Answer

B

**Question. Numerical facts are usually subjected to statistical analysis with a view to helping a decisionmaker make wise decisions in the face of ___________________.**

(a) Interpreting

(b) Uncertainty

(c) Summarizing

(d) Organizing

## Answer

B

**Question. The ________________ process would be required to ensure that the data is complete and as required.**

(a) Tabulation

(b) Analysis

(c) Editing

(d) Ordering

## Answer

C

**Question. A sample is a portion of the ________________ population that is considered for study and analysis.**

(a) Selected

(b) Total

(c) Fixed

(d) Random

## Answer

B

**Question. The specific statistical methods that can be used to summarize or to describe a collection of data is called:**

(a) Descriptive statistics

(b) Inferential statistics

(c) Analytical statistics

(d) All of the above

## Answer

A

**Question. When an investigator uses the data which has already been collected by others, such data is called _______________ _________.**

(a) Primary data

(b) Collected data

(c) Processed data

(d) Secondary data

## Answer

D

**Question. In the case of the questionnaire method of gathering data, it should be made certain that all the questions have been _____________________.**

(a) Read

(b) Interpreted

(c) Answered

(d) All of the above

## Answer

C

**Question. The need for inferential statistical methods derives from the need for ______________.**

(a) Population

(b) Association

(c) Sampling

(d) Probability

## Answer

C

**Question. The method of sampling, in which the choice of sample items depends exclusively on th judgement of the investigator is termed as __________________.**

(a) Convenience sampling

(b) Quota sampling

(c) Systematic sampling

(d) Judgement sampling

## Answer

D

**Question. Both the sampling as well as the non-sampling errors must be reduced to a minimum in order to get as representative a sample of the ___________________ as possible.**

(a) Group

(b) Region

(c) Population

(d) Universe

## Answer

C

**Question. A __________________ sample is formed by selecting one unit at random and then selecting additional units at evenly spaced intervals until the sample has been formed.**

(a) Stratified

(b) Systematic

(c) Judgement

(d) Random

## Answer

B

**Question. The sampling errors arise due to drawing faulty inferences about the __________________ based upon the results of the samples.**

(a) Sample

(b) Survey

(c) Population

(d) Census

## Answer

C

**Question. The larger the size of the population, the ___________________ should be the sample size.**

(a) Smaller

(b) Larger

(c) Accurate

(d) Fixed

## Answer

B

**Question. The basic objective of a sample is to draw ____________________ about the population from which such sample is drawn.**

(a) Conclusion

(b) Characteristics

(c) Inferences

(d) Parameters

## Answer

C

**Question. ________________ means separating items according to similar characteristics and grouping them into various classes.**

(a) Tabulation

(b) Editing

(c) Separation

(d) Classification

## Answer

D

**Question. _____________________ is one which is collected by the investigator himself for the purpose of a specific inquiry or study.**

(a) Secondary data

(b) Primary data

(c) Statistical data

(d) Published data

## Answer

B

**Question. A perfect random number table would be one in which every digit has been entered _______________.**

(a) Chronologically

(b) Sequentially

(c) Randomly

(d) Arbitrarily

## Answer

C

**Question. When the data is to be processed by computers, then it must be coded and converted into the ____________________ ___________________.**

(a) English language

(b) Regional language

(c) Statistical language

(d) Computer language

## Answer

D

**Question. A variable is any characteristic which can assume ____________________ values.**

(a) Different

(b) Similar

(c) Fixed

(d) Assumed

## Answer

A

**Question. A ______________ ______________ is a phenomenon of interest in which the observed outcomes of an activity are entirely by chance, are absolutely unpredictable and may differ from response to response.**

(a) Discrete variable

(b) Continuous variable

(c) Random variable

(d) All of the above

## Answer

C

**Question. Adequacy of data is to be judged in the light of the requirements of the survey and the geographical areas covered by the __________________ data.**

(a) Collected

(b) Available

(c) Organized

(d) Tabulated

## Answer

B

**Question. In ___________________ type of classification, the data is grouped together according to some distinguished characteristic or attribute, such as religion, sex, age, national origin, and so on.**

(a) Quantitative

(b) Chronological

(c) Qualitative

(d) All of the above

## Answer

C

**Question. A _____________________ variable is a variable whose values can theoretically take on an infinite number of values within a given range of values.**

(a) Continuous

(b) Discrete

(c) Random

(d) Both (a) and (b)

## Answer

A

**Question. If the sample size is too small, it may not _______________ represent the population or the universe as it is known, thus leading to incorrect inferences.**

(a) Appropriately

(b) Reliably

(c) Homogeneously

(d) Heterogeneously

## Answer

A

**Question. Non-sampling errors are introduced due to technically faulty observations or during the ______________________ of data.**

(a) Processing

(b) Analysis

(c) Sequencing

(d) Collection

## Answer

A

**Question. Sampling is simply a process of learning about the __________________ on the basis of a sample drawn from it.**

(a) Census

(b) Population

(c) Group

(d) Area

## Answer

B

**Question. Editing would also help eliminate inconsistencies or obvious errors due to _______________ treatment.**

(a) Characteristic

(b) Arithmetical

(c) Calculation

(d) Tabulation

## Answer

B

**Question. _____________________ provides various types of statistical information of either qualitative or quantitative nature.**

(a) Sampling

(b) Tabulation

(c) Observation

(d) Editing

## Answer

A

**Question. A _____________________ sample is obtained by selecting convenient population units**

(a) Random

(b) Quota

(c) Stratified

(d) Convenience

## Answer

D

**Question. A summary measure that describes any given characteristic of the population is known as a __________________.**

(a) Parameter

(b) Information

(c) Inference

(d) Statistics

## Answer

A

**Question. The _________________ random variables yield categorical responses so that the responses fit into one category or another.**

(a) Quantitative

(b) Discrete

(c) Continuous

(d) Qualitative

## Answer

D

**Question. For a sample to be truly representative of the population, it must truly be________________.**

(a) Fixed

(b) Random

(c) Specific

(d) Casual

## Answer

B

**Question. In statistics, ___________________________ classification includes data according to the time period in which the items under consideration occurred.**

(a) Chronological

(b) Alphabetical

(c) Geographical

(d) Topological

## Answer

A

**Question. Data is simply the numerical results of any scientific__________________.**

(a) Analysis

(b) Researches

(c) Observation

(d) Measurement

## Answer

D

**Question. By definition of randomness, each ________________ ______________ has the same chance of being considered.**

(a) Possible entity

(b) Probable entity

(c) Random entity

(d) Observed entity

## Answer

A

**Question. Before any procedures for _____________ _________________ are established, the purpose and the scope of the study must be clearly specified.**

(a) Data analysis

(b) Data tabulation

(c) Data collection

(d) Data selection

## Answer

C